Hamedan, the origin of civilization and urbanization

Geographical location
Hamedan province has an area of 19493 square kilometers, at west of Iran in 33 degrees and 59 minutes to 35 degrees and 48 minutes north latitude and 47 degrees 34 minutes to 49 degrees and 36 minutes Eastern longitude. The province is limited to Zanjan and Qazvin provinces from the north, Lorestan province from the south, Markazi province from the east, and to Kermanshah and parts of Kurdistan provinces from the west.

The province terrain has undergone many changes during geological periods. One of the factors for terrain changes in the province is flowing waters which in some areas, with destruction of heights and accumulation of materials in the holes, have reduced the height of the mountains and formed several plains. In some areas, the intensity of the flowing waters is so large that they have reversed the form of terrains, for example, the mountain has become a valley or the deep valley of past periods has now become a mountain. Khan Gormaz Mountain in the west of Tuyserkan is an interesting example of this phenomenon.

The province heights are generally in northwest and south-east parts, and are generally located in the north, center, and south of it. Each of these heights includes parts of Iran mountains. Northern heights- central height. Alvand summit with a height of 3574 meters is located in these mountain range in north-middle heights.

The plains of the province in terms of formation is divided into two types: condensational and erosional.

The province climate is generally affected by latitude, altitude, location, mountain range and distance from the sea. The displacement of air masses plays an important role in the type of climate of each region. Air masses affecting the province climate include:
Northern air mass: In the cold months this air mass flows from the northern latitudes of the country, affecting the province weather, and decreases its temperature.
Southern air mass: In the warm months of year, this air mass flows through the southern latitudes of the country, affects the province, and increases the temperature and decreases precipitation.
Western air masses: These masses enter the country during the wet months (November to June) from the west, southwest and northwest, and increase the temperature and precipitation across the province.
In general, due to the presence of high mountains, numerous and large rivers and springs, the province climate is very diverse. So for example, the north valleys of Alvand Mountains are cold and the central valleys are mild. The winters of the province are cold, snowy and rainy, and its summers are Moderate.

The rivers of the province are generally fed by rains and snows of the wet seasons and in summers, when plants need water, except one or two rivers such as Gamasiab and Siminehrud, all are dried or have minimum amount of water. The most important rivers of the province include: Siminehrud – Ghare Chay – Wideh Lo – Vafrajin – Valley of Muradbig – Simin – Abbas Abad – Khakoo – Sarabi – Khorram rud – Malayer Haram Rud – Gamasiab – Karzan Rud etc.

Samen Underground City

Samen Underground City is located in the south west of Malayer County, Hamedan, which was on carved stone bedrock. Archeologists consider the initial core of the city belonging to prior to Arsacid period, which has been expanded over time. Samen Underground City “Samen” hidden or underground city which was hidden before Arsacid period was later used as a cemetery. What can be conclude based on human studies and anthropological analyses

Top tourist attractions in Hamedan

Hamedan Travel Guide and Tourist Attractions Hamedan is a beautiful province in west of Iran with many historical and natural attractions. The capital is the city of Hamedan which is among the oldest Iranian cities. Herodotus, the ancient Greek Historian, states that “Ecbatana” (modern-day: Hamedan) was the capital of the Medes, around 700 B.C. founded by Deioces, the first king of the Medes. Spring and summer are the best time

Top tourist attractions in Hamedan

Hamedan, with its ancient history and civilization, has the diverse ethnicity and various cultures that have lived together during centuries. The culture and heritage of Hamadan is full of the richest literature and folklore, native games, traditional arts, food, medicine, native ritual, traditional trades, and so on. Of Traditional Arts District as well as pottery, woodwork and saddle equipment, Pearls weaving, crafts and art Mootabi and many other fields are

Hamedan Esther and Mordechai Tomb

The Esther and Mordechai tomb, located on Shariati Street in Hamedan; is the second most holy place for Jewish people after Jerusalem. ‘Mordecai’ and ‘Esther’ were uncle and nephew  who, according to the historical texts during the Xerxes I (486 to 466 CE), came to the imperial court of the Achaemenid kingdom. Esther, who, with the influence of his uncle, was allowed in the harem of king Xerxes, after some


Hamedan’s handicrafts are full of art and beauty Hamedan has artists and craftsmen who, with their good taste and talents, have shown Hamedan’s beauties and arts to the world. The presentation of these artistries are show off in handicraft shops. Take art to your home by buying Hamedan fine crafts. This province is the symbol of Iranian pottery and woodcarving. The center of pottery is Lalejin in Hamedan province and

Hamedan Ganjnameh

There is a beautiful waterfall which has permanent water and is running in winters too . This nice nature known as “Hamadan Ganjnameh” ( In persian language Ganjnameh means treasure myth and story) in Alvand Mountain near Hamadan. Two stone inscriptions, is quite near the Ganjnameh waterfall , remained from Achaemenid era, amuse attention in the middle of nature reserve. ‌Both of this two historical inscriptions has been carved in


Hamedan is located in western of Iran and is the center of Hamedan province Elevation:   1,850 m Weather:     28°C, wind NE at 8 km/h, 25% Humidity Population:  554,406 (2016) Hamedan is a mountainous city with the height of 1800 m above the sea level, located on the hillside of Alvand mountain range and this mountain has been continued to the eastern borders of Hamedan province. Hamedan is one of the


Avicenna Tomb is the memorial mausoleum of him as a outstanding Iranian philosopher, scholar and physician. The Avicenna tomb  is place in his close friend Abu Saeed Dakhok house, and Abu Saeed was  buried beside the Avicenna. The original building was built in Qajar era and the new monument was rebuilt by Iranian National Monuments Association. (On the occasion of the 1,000th anniversary of Abu Ali Sina’s birth, the 10th

Ali Sadr Cave

Ali Sadr Cave is one of the rare samples of water caves in the world. It is located 75 kilometers to the northwest of Hamedan in a village by the same name which is one of the districts of Kabudarahang Township. Colorful, glittering geological structures cover the tunnel walls above and below the surface of the water, which is clear enough to provide visibility to a depth of five meters.